Eastern Equine Encephalitis(eee)Deadly Mosquito Virus

This+is+A+mosquito+being+tested+for+EEE.+Courtesy+of+usatoday.com+

This is A mosquito being tested for EEE. Courtesy of usatoday.com

Hailey Bruss

The US is in“critical risk” for EEE since mid-August when lab tests confirmed the first human case of the disease in the state since 2013.

The virus — which is more poisonous than West Nile — can cause inflammation of the brain that leads to death in about one-third of cases. People who do survive are often left with brain damage.

The virus has been found in 333 mosquito samples this year and 

only a few cases of EEE are reported in the U.S. each year, with most infections happening in the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states, and some in the Great Lakes region, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Just six cases were reported in all of 2018.The virus grows in birds that live in swamps. When a mosquito that feeds on both birds and mammals bites an infected bird, it can then transmit the virus to horses and other animals and, in rare cases, people.

Anyone in an area where the virus is circulating can get infected, though people who work or exercise outdoors, or live in wooded areas face the highest risk.

Symptoms start four to 10 days after a person is bitten and include headache, high fever, chills and vomiting. As the disease progresses, the patient can suffer from disorientation, seizures and coma. There is no specific treatment.